What Causes Hyperpigmentation and How Should You Treat It?
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Sun spots, acne scars, dark patches, and freckles are all examples of pigmentation imbalances that can be frustrating to remove. It can take from a month to a year to reestablish balance. What is the root of the problem? What can you do about it by making little modifications to your everyday routine? Let’s get started!

What is hyperpigmentation and what are its causes?
Melanin, a pigment found in human skin, influences its color, and when mixed with a variety of other circumstances, it can cause skin tones to range from light white to dark brown. Your skin will become darker as your body creates more melanin. Melanin levels are mostly determined by heredity, as well as other factors such as hormones and UV exposure. Here are different types of pigmentation and their causes.

Sun Spots/Age Spots
They are the brown specks that occur on your skin as a result of sun exposure or the ageing process. The more light-skinned you are, the more likely you are to develop them.
Causes:
Exposure to the sun or ageing

Scars from Acne
After a pimple heals, it may leave a mark on your skin, which can be caused by an excess of melanin in one area, resulting in acne scars.
Causes:
Excessive melanin production in one area.

Melasma
This is the disorder that causes brown patches on the face to appear. These symmetrical patches develop on both sides of the face and can be caused by various reasons like stress, hormones, etc.
Causes: Stress, hormones, thyroid problems, and pregnancy are all potential causes.

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
This is the temporary hyperpigmentation that happens as a result of skin inflammation caused by an injury or wound.
Causes: This may happen after an injury or wound.

How to treat different types of pigmentations?
To avoid and treat skin pigmentation one needs to follow a skincare routine that includes-

Use effective face wash- Cleansing with an effective face wash that is packed with ingredients like vitamin C, tulsi, and watermelon prevents melanin production. Active Beaute’s Advanced Hydration Purifying Face Wash hassun protecting properties.

Apply a serum- A skin serum is a gel-like solution that works as a second skin and provides total protection from sun damage.

Keep your skin moisturized- Moisturization is a crucial step to avoid pigmentation. An effective moisturizer heals the acne scar and lightens the skin tone.

Wear sunscreen- A broad spectrum sunscreen provides better protection from sun. Applying a minimum of SPF 30 sunscreen on daily basis can help you protect your skin.

Don’t pick at pimples and blemishes– Constantly popping and picking at pimples produces skin irritation, which stimulates the development of melanin. Thus, avoid touching your skin.

Change your eating habits- Your diet can have a significant impact on hormonal changes that affect skin pigmentation. Sweet potatoes, carrots, citrus fruits, and avocados all help to maintain hormonal balance, which increases the likelihood of preventing pigmentation.

Reduce alcohol intake- Excessive alcohol consumption can induce skin inflammation, resulting in acne or flare-ups, and hyperpigmentation as a result of melanin overproduction in response to inflammatory stimulation. Alcohol dehydrates your skin, speeding up the ageing process.

Other than this, using pigmentation cream, and a consistent skincare routine and good lifestyle practices are the keys to maintaining a balance of pigmentation. To read more blogs visit: https://www.ezomblog.com/