It’s a cold day and you can taste some delicious French onion soup as you pass the supermarket. When your mouth starts watering, you realize that while the soup may taste good, it’s (literally) hard to enjoy. Even eating very cold foods like ice cream can cause both sharp, dull teeth and jaw pain.
Maybe you think you just have sensitive teeth and there’s nothing you can do about it. Keep using the gentle toothpaste and hope for the best. Your sensitive teeth may be just that, but it could also be a serious dental problem that needs to be investigated by a dentist.
Possible dental diseases
Sensitive teeth are a sign that your tooth or tooth enamel is tired and weakened. Tooth enamel is a hard protective barrier that protects the inside of the tooth, including the pulp. The pulp of the tooth is where the blood vessels and nerves of the tooth are located. This is also where the roots of the teeth attach to the jaw. Exposure of the pulp nerves, such as tooth enamel deterioration, often leads to tooth sensitivity and pain.
There are several reasons for tooth enamel wear that compel you to visit the dentist. The most common dental problems caused by tooth enamel deterioration are: tooth decay, broken or cracked teeth, teeth grinding and gum disease.
Tooth decay (hooves)
Caries is the most common cause of tooth enamel damage. Cavities are caused by poor and inconsistent oral hygiene practices, poor diet, and high-risk groups such as smokers and people with certain diseases, such as diabetes, that can weaken the immune system. Cavities are created when bacteria from food waste break down and interact with saliva, creating a sugary substance that eats away at tooth enamel. Tooth cavities can easily be treated with fillings or crowns (if the tooth structure affects a large part of the tooth).
Broken or chipped teeth
Injuries and traumas can also weaken tooth enamel, for example when a tooth breaks or comes off. A dentist must treat broken and/or impacted teeth immediately. An adult’s permanent teeth will not grow in if they are lost or damaged. In any case, the best way to save a tooth is to see a dentist immediately.
If broken or chipped teeth are not treated immediately, many dental treatment options are used to save the remaining teeth, including crowns, roots, only, and veneers. Many of these dental procedures are considered cosmetic dentistry and are unlikely to be covered by dental insurance.
Grinding or gnashing of teeth
Sometimes, excessive grinding and grinding of the teeth cause enamel wear. Enamel is easily damaged over time due to friction between the tooth surfaces and excessive pressure on the tooth surface. This teeth grinding and grinding is called bruxism. Most people with bruxism often clench their fists or spit while sleeping at night. Most people don’t know they have it.
Bruxism patients can be treated with special mouth guards that are used at night while the patient sleeps. The soft rubber mouth guard protects the worn down teeth and protects them from further damage caused by rubbing and grinding.
Sometimes gum disease causes tooth sensitivity. Receding gums (when a person’s teeth appear unusually long) indicate moderate gum disease. In moderate gum disease, the gum pocket around the roots of the teeth loosens and deepens, pulling the gums away from the teeth, exposing areas of the tooth that are normally covered by gum tissue.
As the gum pockets widen and deepen, there is a good chance that food particles will become trapped and begin to infect the roots (the part of the teeth that attach them to the jaw). If the dentist does not perform gum scaling and planning, gingivitis will worsen and teeth will be lost, and the bone tissues of the jaw may weaken and break.