Does your dog have a tick, but you don’t have a tick puller to remove it? This is how to proceed…
Why do you need to quickly remove a tick from a dog?
We no longer present them: ticks are these large mites that feed on the blood of our pets. In addition to being particularly repulsive. These parasites can cause itching at the site of their bite or be responsible for the formation of micro-abscesses. But the most worrying thing is that ticks are responsible for the transmission of many vector-borne diseases. Anaplasmosis, Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis piroplasmosis… are part of them.
Most of these diseases are transmitted very quickly after the tick bite, within 24 to 48 hours after implantation. Which is why you must act quickly when you detect a tick in your dog’s coat.
The best way to remove the tick is to use a tick puller, a small tool that looks like a miniature crowbar and allows you to remove the tick in its entirety by unscrewing it. It can be found on sale in all veterinary surgeries, in pet stores, and in pharmacies.
But, if you do not have these small pliers, you must nevertheless do what is necessary to rid embedded fully ticks on dogs that bit them. Here’s how…
Remove a tick without forceps
To remove a tick without forceps, you must grasp the body of the tick at its base very delicately between your middle finger and your index finger while being careful not to crush the parasite. Warning: if you press too hard, you risk injecting all the contents of the tick directly into your dog’s blood system and thus transmit to him the diseases of which the tick is potentially a vector. If available, use thin disposable gloves to do this.
Still gently, then rotate your wrist to rotate the tick on itself as if you were unscrewing a tiny nut with your fingers. This movement will make it possible to release the tick and especially to bring out its head (its rostrum) from the skin of the dog where it is stuck. Do not pull on the tick’s body to tear it off, you will leave the tick head stuck in dog‘s skin. The head contains the mouthparts of the parasite and in particular its salivary glands which carry the germs responsible for vector-borne diseases in dogs. Removing the tick while leaving its head would therefore be useless!
Once the tick has been unhooked, check that it is whole and disinfect the dog’s skin where it was bitten. Get rid of the tick by burning it with a lighter or match or by dipping it in alcohol.
After this operation, wash your hands scrupulously with soap and water.
If the head of the tick is missing, it will then be necessary to seek it in the skin of the dog using disinfected tweezers or passed to the flame (then cooled). If you can’t, or your dog shows signs of pain or annoyance, call your vet.
Removing a tick without pincers: mistakes not to make
Never just shoot the tick,
Do not disinfect the dog’s skin with alcohol or any other product before removing the tick. Applying a product to the parasite causes it to regurgitate, which increases the risk of disease transmission.
Do not put oil on the tick to suffocate it instead of removing it. This practice is not effective and has the effect of releasing the tick’s germs.
Crush the tick between your fingers when removed. You could in turn infect yourself with the germs it contains.